Hualapai Nation

 

Rocky Mountain Elk



*Important News for Hunters*

Arizona, Hualapai, Hunt, Permit, Education, Scholarship, Hunt, Elk, Trophy, Bid


For more information please contact Annette Bravo by phone at (928) 769-2255

or by email at: click here to email Annette Bravo

 


Big Game, Guaranteed Hunts, Elk Hunts, 
      Grand Canyon, Hualapai, Wildlife, dnr, Natural Resources, Trophy

 


Rocky Mountain Elk (Cervis elaphus) are a culturally, aesthetically and economically important big game species on the Hualapai Indian Reservation.  Resident elk populations are located on both the east and the west side of Hualapai Tribal Lands but the majority of them stay in the higher elevations on the east side. Depending on the time of year elk will migrate from the cooler elevations of the ponderosa forests to the fingers of the southern rim of the Grand Canyon as well as to areas off of the reservation. With multiple use management activities on their home range, and big game trophy elk hunting to generate revenue for the Hualapai Tribe, it is important to conduct annual surveys to determine distribution, overall population size, and sex ratios to maintain and properly manage the resident herd of elk.  Survey information for elk exists from 1980 until present.  This survey data varies in time conducted, survey methods and personnel conducting survey.

 

Big Game, Hunting, Elk, 
      Grand Canyon, Hualapai, Wildlife, dnr, Natural Resources, Trophy

Habitat Description

Rocky mountain elk generally prefer areas with and abundance of trees adjacent to meadows or prairies.  Abundant feed in the form of annual grasses, small shrubs and forbes in close proximity to a water source is an important habitat factor.  Our survey’s are generally conducted in the winter months after the first snowfall.  Many of the bull elk migrate to the periphery of the reservation along the canyon rim during this time of year and many of the cow elk stay on the flat open areas near the ponderosa forest edges. Large areas of land that burned in the 1960's tend to hold large herds of cow/calf elk.

                                                                    Big Game, Hunting, Elk, 
      Grand Canyon, Hualapai, Wildlife, dnr, Natural Resources, Trophy

Classification:

The rocky mountain elk seen during the survey’s are classified as bulls, cows, or calves.  The bulls are further broken into different horn classes: Spike, two point, three point and so on. Deformed bulls are also classified as a separate category.  Regulation bulls are characterized as a bull with five or more five points.  These animals are considered trophy animals and are hunted on a yearly basis.  Non-regulation bulls are characterized as any other bull.  These individuals are not harvested.  Deformed bulls are harvested on special hunts.  A management hunt is also in the beginning stages.  This hunt will attempt to remove bulls that cannot attain the desirable qualities of a trophy bull.  These bulls are not generally classified during the survey other than in the fore said categories..

A total of 1258 elk were seen and classified during the 2002 survey.  The population survey consisted of 202 trophy bull elk, 163 non-trophy bulls, 15 deformed bull elk, 835 cows, and 42 calves.

Looking at the survey data that has been gathered by the Hualapai Department of Natural Resources in the past twenty years we find that the elk population as a whole has steadily increased. Elk populations seem to be on a steady climb regardless of environmental factors such as available food, available water and amount of predation. This trend is similar if we look at the trophy elk population.   If we look at just the total elk population we see a steady increase in the early years, which seems to plateau and then fluctuate.  This may be an indication that the elk heard has reached or is reaching carrying capacity.  Over the past few years the rainfall in the southwest has been a limiting factor for many  wildlife taxa.  The elk population may have suffered from the effects of the drought this past summer hence slightly lower survey numbers.  This may have also effected the number of trophy elk seen during this survey.  Due to the drought, there was a limited amount of forage for the majority of the elk during critical antler growth periods.  This may have resulted in stunted horn growth, especially in the back end of the antler.   To maintain a trophy elk herd, special attention needs to be paid to helping feed and water during these dry times.  Since the Hualapai’s resident elk herd is in a relatively small area, it is possible to alleviate much of the stress to these animals.  This should be looked at as an opportunity to advance the trophy population and the hunting experience on the Hualapai reservation.

Big Game, Hunting, Elk, 
      Grand Canyon, Hualapai, Wildlife, dnr, Natural Resources, Trophy

 


VIDEOS:

 

The following videos display Rocky Mountain Elk within their habitat on the Hualapai Reservation. Hunting is allowed by permit only and during season as a part of the management and conservation process. Trophy Elk are auctioned off each year with the full amount of proceeds contributed to Education Scholarships available on the Hualapai Reservation.

 

 

 

Trophy Sized Bulls on the Hualapai Reservation

 

Rocky Mountain Elk Survey 2002

 

Note: 'Play' and 'Stop' buttons are currently unavailable for this video. Please right click on the video screen for a pop up menu of the available functions in the flash player. Thank you


                                                                       Big Game, Hunting, Elk, 
      Grand Canyon, Hualapai, Wildlife, dnr, Natural Resources, Trophy

 

Big Game, Hunting, Elk, 
      Grand Canyon, Hualapai, Wildlife, dnr, Natural Resources, Trophy

 


 

2006 Elk Survey Data

December 26 - 30, 2006

 

Cows

Calves

Spikes

2X2

3X3

4X4

5X5

6X6

7X7

Deformed

Total

National

22

3

10

1

2

5

4

30

0

1

78

Mohawk

75

5

4

0

2

15

24

38

0

10

173

Prospect

159

14

16

1

0

3

2

12

2

0

209

Ridenour Mine

1

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

3

T.T. / Frazier Wells

0

0

0

0

0

2

2

0

0

0

4

Red Dyke

58

15

3

2

0

2

0

2

0

0

82

Jungle Rim

3

2

2

1

1

3

2

10

0

0

24

Fish Facilities

8

9

2

1

2

9

13

43

4

0

91

Babylon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

Manzanita Twenty Pines

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

0

1

3

Limestone

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

Bull Pasture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

Plain Tank

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

1

0

2

Horseflat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

326

49

37

6

7

41

49

135

7

12

669


 

2008 Elk Survey Data

January 6 - 10, 2009

 

Cows

Calves

Spikes

2X2

3X3

4X4

5X5

6X6

7X7

Deformed

Total

National

28

13

3

1

2

3

14

41

0

7

112

Mohawk

35

10

3

1

2

8

19

44

0

12

134

Prospect

91

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

93

Ridenour Mine

20

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

0

0

22

T.T. / Frazier Wells

15

3

0

0

1

1

2

7

0

1

30

Red Dyke

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Jungle Rim

28

6

3

0

0

3

18

23

1

0

82

Fish Facilities

11

4

2

0

4

3

13

25

0

2

64

Babylon

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Manzanita Twenty Pines

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Limestone / Valley Tank

25

0

0

0

2

0

6

7

1

0

41

Bull Pasture

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Plain Tank

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Horseflat

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

253

36

11

2

11

18

72

151

2

22

578


 

Rocky Mountain Elk    Aerial Survey

Conducted January 5 - 7, 2010

 

Cows

Calves

Spikes

2X2

3X3

4X4

5X5

6X6

7X7

Deformed

Total

National

25

23

9

0

2

1

11

32

2

0

105

Mohawk

25

22

8

1

4

4

40

68

0

5

177

Prospect

87

57

4

0

0

2

8

19

0

2

179

Ridenour Mine

38

22

2

0

3

1

7

23

0

3

99

T.T. / 7 mile / JR

43

36

6

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

85

Red Dyke

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Fish Facilities

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Babylon

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Manzanita Twenty Pines

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Limestone / Valley Tank

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Bull Pasture

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Plain Tank

0

0

3

0

0

1

2

3

0

0

9

Horseflat

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

218

160

32

1

9

9

68

145

2

10

654


 

Rocky Mountain Elk    Aerial Survey

Conducted December 14 - 16, 2010

 

Cows

Calves

Spikes

2X2

3X3

4X4

5X5

6X6

7X7

Deformed

Total

National

44

20

5

0

6

5

18

28

0

0

126

Mohawk

10

5

0

0

1

4

9

30

1

0

60

Prospect

41

25

5

1

3

4

7

5

0

2

93

Ridenour Mine

6

4

0

1

1

0

2

15

2

2

33

T.T. / 7 mile / JR

54

31

4

0

0

4

6

26

0

0

125

Red Dyke

99

38

4

0

1

0

0

2

0

0

144

Fish Facilities

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Babylon

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Manzanita Twenty Pines

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Limestone / Valley Tank

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Bull Pasture

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Plain Tank

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Horseflat

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

254

123

18

2

12

17

42

106

3

4

581


 

Year

Spike

6X6 +

Bulls

Cows

Calves

 Deformed

 Total

 Sex Ratio

2010

18

109

77

254

123

4

581

80:100:48

2009

32

147

87

218

160

10

654

127:100:74

2008

11

152

108

253

36

22

582

116:100:14

2007

No Survey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2006

37

135

122

326

49

12

669

91:100:15

2005

7

42

21

139

19

3

231

one day

2004

10

229

167

625

42

11

1084

67:100:7

2003

14

221

204

566

22

18

1045

82:100:4

2002

 

 

353

 

 

 

 

 

2001

17

273

335

876

5

11

1517

70:100:55

2000

84

0

339

639

158

24

1241

72:100:25

 

Big Game, Hunting, Elk, 
      Grand Canyon, Hualapai, Wildlife, dnr, Natural Resources, Trophy

 


  |   Site Map    |    Contact Us    |

Back to Top